David and Goliath

David faces Goliath with his sling I Samuel 17:42

Scripture: 1 Samuel 17 or pages 230 – 235 in the Golden Children’s Bible

Target Age Group:  1st through 6th grade

Welcome the children to the classroom and chat with them about their week as they gather around the table.

Pray and ask God to teach the children not just head knowledge, but also heart knowledge.


Bible Lesson:
Have the children open their Bibles to 1 Samuel 17 or page 230 in The Golden Children’s Bible.

(Read the story to the children because at this age some of the children do not read smoothly, which hinders comprehension for the whole class.)


  • What army were the Israelites at war with? the Philistines.
  • Describe Goliath. He was 9 feet tall, wore a bronze helmet and bronze armor, and carried a spear. (Show the children how tall 9 feet is.)
  • What were the terms of battle that Goliath proposed?  That one Israelite would fight him. If the Israelite killed him, the Philistines would be their servants.  But, if he killed the Israelite, they would become the Philistines servants. (Talk about how one man, Jesus, conquered sin for all of us.)
  • Did the Israelites bravely fight him? No. Nobody wanted to fight Goliath. They were afraid of him.
  • How many days did the Israelites and the Philistines face each other on opposite hills? 40
  • What was King Saul offering to the man who would fight and kill Goliath?  great wealth, freedom from taxes, his daughter’s hand in marriage.
  • How did David end up at the battle front?  His father sent him to take some food to his brothers.
  • Why did David think that he could defeat Goliath? Because he had killed a lion and a bear with God’s help. He knew that God would help him to defeat Goliath.
  • What giant sized challenges do you face?
  • Did you know that when you face challenges that you need to ask God’s help with, God is preparing you to be able to trust Him to help you face harder and bigger  challenges later? David had lots of practice with his slingshot as a shepherd that prepared him for the big battle with Goliath.
  • Do you think that God could use you to do something great – even if you are a kid?
  • Did David wear the king’s armor? No.  He wasn’t used to them.
  • What did David take to fight Goliath?  Five stones and a slingshot. Mostly he took is faith in God!
  • Did David defeat him?  Yes, he hit him in the forehead and Goliath fell face down. Then David was able to kill him.
  • What did the Philistines do when they saw that Goliath was dead?  They ran away!
  • Let’s pray and ask the Lord to make us as bold and brave as David, and to help us to always trust in the Lord to help us face our big and little problems…


During the remaining class time do activities that help to reinforce what the children have learned. Here are some suggestions…


Memorize the verse.

1 Samuel 17: 45a “David said to the Philistine, ‘You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty.”


Have the children use colors or pastels to draw their own vision of the story on a sketch pad page. Or have them color a color page related to the story. Color page #1  from funny coloring, Color page #2  from Bible Printables,  Color page #3   from Bible Printables, Color page #4   from What’s in the Bible? An excellent color page book is “Through-the-Bible Coloring Pages For Ages 4-8” by Janet Skiles.  The pages are reproducible.


Show a video of this story:

Video #1 

Video #2

Video #3   

Video #4

Video #5


Share this children’s sermon from Sermons4Kids. Don’t forget the activities at the bottom of the page!


Have the children make this cute 3D Calendar picture of David and Goliath from My Little House. You could also use it to make a diorama.


Here is a craft from Auntie’s Bible Lessons.


Make the booklet “David is Brave” from Lambsongs.  (Scroll Down)


Read Corey’s Comments from Kids Talk About God.


Have the children make a bag of stones like this one by sunday school crafts.


Have the children fill out these worksheets from Calvary Curriculum.


Younger children may enjoy this maze ,  or  word search from DLTK.


Play the Pin the Stone on Goliath game from DLTK.


If you have enough helpers, you could perform this skit from Teach Them.


Sing “One Rock, One Shot” by Crossroads Kids Club. Or sing “Only a Boy Named David” 


Evaluate what the children have learned.  While they are coloring or crafting ask each one what they learned today.

Send each child’s parent an e-mail (or a hard copy) of the Parents’ Page.

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